// U2 biography // Adam Clayton

Everything you always wanted to know about U2's Adam Clayton. Also read the history of U2 and bios for the other band members.

U2's Adam Clayton Birthname:
Adam Charles Clayton
Date of birth:
March 13, 1960
Birthplace:
Chinnor, Oxford, England

See also: Adam Clayton image gallery

Adam Clayton is the bass player for the Irish rock band U2.

// Biography

Adam was born the eldest child of Brian, an RAF pilot, and Jo Clayton in Oxfordshire, England on 13 March 1960. Adam lived in Kenya for a short time when he was around two years old. At the age of five, the family moved to Yellow Walls Road in Malahide near Dublin, where sister Sarah and brother Sebastian were born.

Adam attended private boarding school St. Columba's in Rathfarnham, but hated it. Being a bit of a hippy, Adam's freewheeling personality was at odds with the structured environment. He later switched to Mount Temple High School (Ireland's first ecumenical school), where he was to meet U2 bandmates Bono, The Edge and Larry Mullen. Larry had posted an advertisement for musicians. Adam ignored it at first, believing it was a school-sponsored event. When he discovered that it wasn't, he showed up at the first practice, which also included Dik Evans, Edge's older brother. When Dik Evans left, the fledgling band that would become U2 was created. They were known first as Feedback, then The Hype. He also served as the band's first manager before Paul McGuinness, a more experienced manager, was hired.

Adam's ambiguous religious beliefs caused a rift with his three outspoken Christian bandmates which peaked between the time of their second album, October (1981) and their third album, War (1983). Reportedly, Clayton was being treated as a bit of an outsider until manager Paul McGuinness came to his aid. To smooth over the rift, Adam was asked to be Bono's best man at his wedding.

In 1986, U2 recorded what is considered by many to be their first masterpiece: 1987's The Joshua Tree album, at Danesmoate House. Adam later bought the home for approximately E380,000. It is hidden away behind Taylors Pub on Kellystown Road, Rathfarnham.

Adam's name made world headlines in August 1989 when he was arrested in Dublin and charged with possession of a small amount of cannabis. He avoided a conviction by making a sizable donation to charity.

In 1993 Adam was briefly engaged to famous supermodel Naomi Campbell.

In April 2006 Adam's engagement to his long-term girlfriend Susie Smith was announced. The couple are planning to marry in 2007. Susie Smith used to work for Principle Management in Dublin where she was an assistant to Paul McGuinness, U2's manager.

// Style

U2's sound is essentially built around The Edge's effects-laden guitar work and Bono's poetic lyrics. While Adam Clayton will probably never be confused with Cream's Jack Bruce or The Who's John Entwistle, Clayton's often uncomplicated bass playing serves as a solid foundation for U2's songs. But even on songs where the basslines are busier and more up front in the mix (as it is on "Gloria", "The Three Sunrises", and "Bullet the Blue Sky"), Adam Clayton's playing is a study in tasteful restraint and how to play for the song. Clayton switches between finger-style and pick-style with ease, and occasionally throws in some funk-style slapping and popping.

Lead vocalist Bono describes Adam as the "jazz man" of the band in an interview with 60 minutes (Nov 2005). Elaborating on the unpredictability of Adam's nature, Bono says "(You) never know what he's going to say, but more importantly, you never know what he's going to play". Bono proceeds to cite the band's hit song, Bullet the Blue Sky, as a song with a weird sounding bassline. The reason? Adam is playing in a different key from the rest of the band!

Clayton's stage style was a major, positive surprise during the Vertigo tour (2004-2006). The bassist would walk along the catwalk during at least one song per concert, generally "Where The Streets Have No Name," and his excursions away from the stage would be warmly cheered by the crowd. Female fans on U2 websites also have reported receiving smiles and winks and even talking to the bassist during the show. As noted by many a U2 concert-goer, this is a 180 degree turnabout from the Adam Clayton of the Elevation tour era (2000-2001). Fellow band member and guitar genius The Edge observes, "Adam's coming into his own as a performer on this tour. It's great to see him out there on the ramps, like really giving it loads. That hasn't been his interest for a few tours now. So it's nice to see that spirit back with Adam."

// Music

Main bass guitars used: Fender Jazz Bass and the Fender Precision Bass.

In 1983 Adam made a rare singing appearance on "Endless Deep", a b-side to U2's "Sunday Bloody Sunday" single.

Adam and Bono, lead singer of U2, contributed to the 1984 African famine charity single "Do They Know It's Christmas?." Adam played bass.

On the 1995 album Original Soundtracks No. 1, Adam can be heard speaking the last verse on the song "Your Blue Room".

In 1996 Adam co-arranged, and spoke on, "Tomorrow ('96 Version)", a rerecording of a U2 song originally featured on the "October" album.

Adam was winner of the Best Bassist award in the Orville H. Gibson Guitar Award in both 2001 and 2002.

Though he is the bass player for one of the biggest bands in the world, Clayton did not have any formal music training until 1996.

// Solo projects

Adam played bass on Robbie Robertson's 1987 self-titled album. Adam has also contributed to albums by Maria McKee.

Adam Clayton played bass on "Still Water" and "Jolie Louise" on Daniel Lanois 1989 album "Acadie"

In 1994 Adam contributed to Nanci Griffiths 1994 album "Flyer" on the following songs - "These Days in an Open Book", "Don't Forget About Me", "On Grafton Street" and "This Heart". Larry Mullen Jr also contributed to these songs.

Adam and Larry Mullen Jr. recorded the soundtrack, including the theme song, for the 1996 remake of the movie Mission: Impossible. In 1997 The "Theme From Mission: Impossible" was nominated for a Grammy Award in the Best Pop Instrumental Performance category.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Adam Clayton".